June 16, 2021 by Faustina Mulnik Spanish Grammar 0 comments
Venir and llegar both have lots of similar uses, so sometimes it can be hard to tell the difference between the two.
These words usually mean “to come” or “to arrive” and are sometimes interchangeable. So, how do you know when to use one or the other?
Our detailed venir vs llegar guide tells you not only how to conjugate these verbs, but also how to use them. Take a look at our list of example sentences and explanations before trying the fun interactive quiz at the end.
Get ready to never mix up venir and llegar again!
How to Conjugate Venir
Venir is somewhat of an irregular verb, so its conjugations don’t always follow the typical rules. Luckily, you can just take a look at these helpful venir conjugation tables!
|Pronoun||Present Tense Conjugation|
|él, ella, Ud.||viene|
|ellos, ellas, Uds.||vienen|
|Pronoun||Preterite Tense Conjugation|
|él, ella, Ud.||vino|
|ellos, ellas, Uds.||vinieron|
How to Use Venir
Venir is one of those Spanish words that have multiple uses. Venir roughly translates as “to come” in English but there are multiple ways to use it. That’s why we put together this detailed guide that lists each of its uses.
One distinct aspect about venir is that the destination must be where the speaker is located. In other words, the person doing the action is always heading towards the speaker. Take a look at this example:
Mario viene a mi casa.
Mario is coming to my house.
Notice how Mario is heading to where the speaker is already located (my house). Read on for more examples of this verb so you can easily tell apart venir and llegar.
To Move From One Place to Another
El tren viene de Guatemala.
The train comes from Guatemala.
Ella vino en el vuelo de las 7pm.
She arrived on the 7 pm flight.
Vine a la casa para cenar.
I came back home for dinner.
El gato vendrá cuando tenga hambre.
The cat will be back when he’s hungry.
Venir de — To Come From
Gabriel viene de Colombia.
Gabriel is from Colombia.
To be Available
Los subtítulos de la película vienen en español.
The subtitles for the movie are in Spanish.
Esta comida viene ya hecha.
This food comes pre-made.
¡Ya mismo viene la Pascua!
Easter is coming soon!
Tu cumpleaños viene ya mismo.
Your birthday is coming up soon.
To be Overcome by
Me viene sueño en el trabajo después de almorzar.
I get drowsy at work after having lunch.
A nosotros nos vino una gripe terrible.
We got a terrible flu.
(Por) venir — To Indicate the Future
Lo mejor está por venir.
The best is yet to come.
Ahora viene la escena que me gusta.
The scene I like is coming up.
Que venir — To be Next
El año que viene visitaremos España.
Next year we’re traveling to Spain.
Lo estudiaremos el curso que viene.
We’ll be studying it next year.
Venir bien/mal — To be Convenient
Este fin de semana me viene un poco mal.
This weekend isn’t too good for me.
¿Te viene bien reunirnos mañana a las 3 pm?
Does meeting at 3 pm tomorrow work for you?
A las 8 me viene mal, ¿podemos salir a las 9?
8:00 is inconvenient for me, can we leave at 9?
Venga — To Express Encouragement
Come on, goalie!
¡Venga! Vamos a la fiesta. No seas un aguafiesta.
Come on! Let’s go to the party. Don’t be a party pooper.
Venirle — To Indicate Suitability
La falda me viene ancha.
The skirt is too loose for me.
El abrigo te viene algo pequeño.
The coat is rather small on or for you.
¿Me viene bien este gorro?
Does this hat look good on me?
Venir al pelo — To be Perfect
El vestido me viene al pelo, voy a comprarlo sin dudas.
The dress is perfect for me, I’m going to buy it without a doubt.
How to Conjugate Llegar
Luckily, llegar usually follows the normal conjugation rules except for a few irregularities. However, you can still use these llegar conjugation tables for reference.
|Pronoun||Present Tense Conjugation|
|él, ella, Ud.||llega|
|ellos, ellas, Uds.||llegan|
|Pronoun||Preterite Tense Conjugation|
|él, ella, Ud.||llegó|
|ellos, ellas, Uds.||llegaron|
How to Use Llegar
Llegar means “to arrive” in English, but again there are lots of different uses for this verb. To solidify your understanding of venir vs llegar, take a look at this list of ways to use llegar in Spanish.
Llegar (a) — To Reach a Place
¿Sabes si ya llegó Maria?
Do you know if Maria has arrived yet?
Voy a llegar al restaurante un poco atrasado.
I am going to get to the restaurant a little late.
To be the Time for
El fin de semana llegó rápido.
The weekend came quickly.
Este año el verano ha sido lento en llegar.
Summer has been slow to arrive this year.
To be Sufficient
No me llega el sueldo, así que voy a pedir un aumento.
My salary is not enough, so I’m going to ask for a raise.
Llegar (a) — To Extend
¿Llegas al teléfono desde la cama?
Can you reach the telephone from the bed?
Llegar a — To be Able to
¿Llegaste a ver el eclipse?
Did you manage to see the eclipse?
To Hold Up
Ojalá estas llantas me lleguen otras cien mil millas.
Hopefully, these tires will last me another hundred thousand miles.
Llegar (a) — To Get to
Espero llegar a ser rico.
I hope I get to be rich.
Mi sueño es llegar a los cien años.
My dream is to make it to a hundred.
Llegar vs Venir Quiz
See if you can tell when to use llegar vs volver in this fun interactive quiz!
1. Maria __ de México. (Maria is from Mexico.)
2. ___ para cenar. (She will come for dinner.)
3. Por fin, Carlos ha ___. (Finally, Carlos has arrived.)
4. ¿Te ___ bien quedar mañana a mediodía? (Does meeting at noon tomorrow work for you?)
5. El terreno de mi padre ___ hasta el bosque. (My father's land stretches to the forest.)
6. Mi sueldo no ___ para pagar la universidad a nuestros hijos. (My salary isn't enough to pay for our children's university.)
7. Su madre ___ a presidente de la compañía. (His mother became president of the company.)
8. Ese color le ___ al salón. (That color suits the room.)
9. Los abuelos ___ a visitarnos esta tarde. (The grandparents are coming to visit us this afternoon.)
10. El tren ___ a Madrid con retraso. (The train arrived in Madrid late.)
Llegar vs Volver Quiz
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As a native English speaker, I’ve spent over 6 years perfecting my Spanish. My studies have led me to major in Spanish, translate documents at a local museum, and communicate with people I otherwise wouldn’t have been able to know. I’ve studied abroad in Spain, lived in Yellowstone National Park for a summer, and volunteered in Costa Rica. I’m a passionate travel enthusiast seeking to share my love for all things Latin America.
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grammar grammar quiz spanish grammar
Although venir is typically translated as “to come” and llegar as “to arrive” or “to get there”, the Spanish verbs have a wider range of meanings. These two verbs are not exactly interchangeable, but there are situations in which both verbs venir and llegar can be used according to SpanishDict.What is the rule of 2 verbs in Spanish? ›
In Spanish, many two-verb constructions only require the use of one conjugated verb and a verb in the infinitive form. For example: Quiero ir a la fiesta. - I want to go to the party.How do you use the verb venir in Spanish? ›
Venir in the Indicative Future
The Indicative Future of venir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "vendré a casa", meaning "I will come home". In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple". The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.
Examples from the episode:
I will arrive in Madrid on Tuesday – Llegaré a Madrid el martes. To be early – Llegar pronto. To be on time – Llegar a tiempo.
|Ella / Él / Usted||llega||s/he arrives, you (formal) arrives|
|Nosotras / Nosotros||llegamos||we arrive|
The French verb venir means “to come,” but there are several variations of its use. Whether you add a small preposition, pair it with a verb, or are speaking in different tenses, the meaning of venir can change significantly.How do you use two verbs? ›
Two-Verb Combinations: Master List.
When a sentence has two verbs, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb remains in the infinitive form. Puedo pagar diez pesos. I am able to pay 10 pesos.What is venir in the perfect tense? ›
To build the present perfect of venir, we simply combine the conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber (to have) with the past participle venido, which remains the same no matter which pronoun is the subject of the sentence.How can I use example in a sentence? ›
Noun He set a good example for the rest of us. She gave several examples to show that the program is effective.
Llegar is a regular verb, so to conjugate it just take its stem (lleg-) and add the preterite endings.How do you use llevar with time? ›
Llevar (conjugated in present tense) + period of time + gerund (-ando, -endo) You use this expression to refer to an event that has been in progress for some time. Llevo 3 años estudiando español y cada día me gusta más. I have been studying Spanish for 3 years and I like it more and more every day.What is the correct form of verbs in Spanish? ›
In Spanish, all verb infinitives end in -ar, -er or -ir. The gerund of Spanish verbs is equivalent to the English -ing form. In Spanish the gerund ends in -ando or -iendo. The participle is equivalent to the English past participle (third form of the verb).How do you know which verb to conjugate in Spanish? ›
To conjugate a verb in the present indicative, remove the infinitive ending from the regular verb, in this case -ar , -er or -ir, and replace it with an ending indicating "the person" who performs the action of the verb. For example, the word "caminar" (walk) is the infinitive of a common regular verb that ends in -ar.How to conjugate verbs? ›
To conjugate a verb, you add unique suffixes to its base verb form. The right suffix depends on the person in a sentence you refer to, who is also known as the subject of the sentence.What is the opposite of venir? ›
Antonym: aller (to go)Is venir a regular Spanish verb? ›
The Spanish verb venir means to come. It is a very frequently used verb. Like many other common Spanish verbs, venir is highly irregular. It is a stem-changing verb, which means that in some conjugations the vowel e from the verb's stem can change to ie or i when found in a stressed syllable.Can we use 2 verbs together? ›
In English, as in most languages, it is common to use verbs together in a sentence - e.g. "I enjoy playing football". In some languages the second verb used must always be used in the infinitive (dictionary form).Can you have 2 verbs together? ›
Consecutive verbs, also called catenative verbs or linked verbs, are verbs that can be followed directly by a second verb, the second verb being normally the object of the first. Depending on the first verb used, the second verb will be in the form of a gerund (-ing form) or of an infinitive with to.What are verbs 2 types? ›
- Action verbs. Action verbs, as their name says, are used to refer to actions. ...
- Stative verbs. Unlike action verbs, stative verbs refer to conditions or states of being. ...
- Transitive verbs. ...
- Intransitive verbs. ...
- Linking verbs. ...
- Helping verbs (auxiliary verbs) ...
- Modal verbs. ...
- Regular verbs.
A simple sentence can have two subjects doing the verb, two verbs being done by the subject, or both. No commas separate these elements.Can a sentence have 2 main verbs? ›
There can be more than one main verb within a sentence, depending on the complexity of the sentence. In general, there is only one main verb per clause; but if a sentence has multiple clauses and subjects, then each of those subjects could have its own main verb.Can you use two verb tenses in a sentence? ›
The bottom line is this: there is no restriction on what tenses we can use and mix within a sentence, as long as they are appropriate for the context.What is a sentence with 2 subjects and 2 verbs? ›
A compound sentence has two or more subjects and two or more verbs. It has at least two related independent clauses that are joined by a coordinating conjunction, such as and, but, or, or so. Ethan is confident, and he makes a good first impression.What are the 2 parts of a Spanish verb called? ›
The first part tells us what the action is. This is the "stem". The second part gives us other kinds of information about the verb. For example, the "a" or "e" in the middle tell us which of the two patterns to follow in using this particular verb.Why are there two verbs for to be in Spanish? ›
It was during this period that Iberians developed two different verbs for “to be.” Classical Latin has only one verb for “to be,” esse. This became essere in Vulgar Latin, and went on to be ser in Spanish.How do you use venir in imperfect sentences? ›
Using Venir in the Imperfect
('Maybe you don't remember, but you used to come to this beach every summer. ') Eras muy pequeña. ('You were very little. ') Yo venía con tu abuelo en julio y agosto cada año y vosotros veníais los fines de semana.
Venir is a Spanish verb meaning to come. Venir is conjugated as an irregular verb in the preterite tense.Is venir an irregular verb in Spanish? ›
The verb venir is irregular as it does not follow the usual pattern for Spanish verbs ending in “-er”.What are 5 examples of sentence? ›
- Joe waited for the train. "Joe" = subject, "waited" = verb.
- The train was late. ...
- Mary and Samantha took the bus. ...
- I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station. ...
- Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station early but waited until noon for the bus.
[M] [T] She is dressed in white. [M] [T] She is in her hotel now. [M] [T] She is in love with him. [M] [T] She wouldn't let him in.What are the forms of Llegar? ›
Conjugations for llegar in the preterite tense are as follows: Yo llegué, tú llegaste, él/ella/usted llegó, nosotros/nosotras llegamos, vosotros/vosotras llegasteis, and ellos/ellas/ustedes llegaron.Is llegar a transitive verb? ›
Llegar is an intransitive verb that is often translated as “to arrive” or “to come.” On the other hand, llevar is a transitive verb that is often translated as “to take.” In this blog article, I'll explain in-depth what each verb means and how to use them in a Spanish conversation.What verb is regular? ›
If you can form the simple past tense and past participle of a verb simply by adding “–ed” or “–d” to it, then it's a regular verb. A verb that doesn't follow these patterns is an irregular verb.What is the verb llevar used for? ›
Llevar meaning To Take or To Carry
In a majority of the instances, 'llevar' does mean in some way 'to carry'. It is also often associated with the meaning 'to take' even though in Spanish there is another verb, tomar, which explicitly means 'to take' as in 'yo tomo el autobús' or 'I take the bus'.
When the thing that you like is singular, you use gusta (third person singular), and when the thing that you like is plural, you use gustan (third person plural).Would you use ser or estar with time? ›
When we want to express data about days, dates, seasons and hours we use the verb ser (not estar).What is the difference between venir and Volver? ›
"Venir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to come", and "volver" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to return".What does Venir mean in Spanish? ›
Venir - to come - Lawless Spanish Verb.What are the 5 forms of venir? ›
Volver Meaning 'To Return'
Pedro volvió a casa de su tía. (Pedro went back to his aunt's home.) Volveremos a la ciudad de Panamá en el primer ferrocarril transcontinental del mundo. (We'll return to Panama City on the world's first transcontinental railroad.)
The Spanish verb volver means “to return,” or “to go back.” This meaning may or may not be followed by the preposition a (to). Vuelve a casa temprano. Come back home early. Volvieron muy contentos del cine.How is venir irregular? ›
The verb venir is irregular as it does not follow the usual pattern for Spanish verbs ending in “-er”. Venir is a stem-changing verb, meaning that, as we'll see below, in some conjugations the vowel “e” from the verb's stem can change to “ie” or “i” when it's part of a stressed syllable, among some other changes.What tense is Viene? ›
Venire Conjugation: Past Perfect Tense
It is similar to the English “had come” and is formed with the imperfetto (Indicative Imperfect) of the auxiliary verb essere and its past participle venuto.
To use le passé récent, conjugate venir in the present tense according to the subject, then follow it with the preposition de and the infinitive of the action verb. Remember that de must contract when it's followed by a verb starting with a vowel or mute h.