Methanotrophs Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications (2023)

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Methanotrophs Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications

Eun Yeol Lee Published in 2019

Methanotroph Ecology, Environmental Distribution and Functioning -- Enrichment and Isolation of Aerobic and Anaerobic Methanotrophs -- The Biochemistry of Methane Monooxygenases -- Multi-omics Unde... toon meer

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Permalink:
https://lib.ugent.be/catalog/ebk01:4100000009184969
Titel:
Methanotrophs [electronic resource] : Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications / edited by Eun Yeol Lee.
ISBN:
9783030232610
Auteur (persoon):
Lee, Eun Yeol. editor. (Redactie) (role)http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt
Auteur (organisatie):
SpringerLink (Online service)
Editie:
1st ed. 2019.
Beschrijving:
X, 278 p. 53 illus., 40 illus. in color. online resource.
Reeks:
Microbiology Monographs, 1862-5576 ; 32
Nota:
Springer Nature eBook
Inhoud:
Methanotroph Ecology, Environmental Distribution and Functioning -- Enrichment and Isolation of Aerobic and Anaerobic Methanotrophs -- The Biochemistry of Methane Monooxygenases -- Multi-omics Understanding of Methanotrophs -- Diversity, Physiology, and Biotechnological Potential of Halo(alkali)philic Methane-Consuming Bacteria -- Metabolic Engineering of Methanotrophs for the Production of Chemicals and Fuels -- Methanobactin: A Novel Copper-Binding Compound Produced by Methanotrophs -- Environmental Applications of Methanotrophs.
Samenvatting:

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the microbiological fundamentals and biotechnological applications of methanotrophs: aerobic proteobacteria that can utilize methane as their sole carbon and energy source. It highlights methanotrophs’ pivotal role in the global carbon cycle, in which they remove methane generated geothermally and by methanogens. Readers will learn how methanotrophs have been employed as biocatalysts for mitigating methane gas and remediating halogenated hydrocarbons in soil and underground water. Recently, methane has also attracted considerable attention as a potential next-generation carbon feedstock for industrial biotechnology, because of its abundance and low price. Methanotrophs can be used as biocatalysts for the production of fuels, chemicals and biomaterials including methanobactin from methane under environmentally benign production conditions. Sharing these and other cutting-edge insights, the book offers a fascinating read for all scientists and students of microbiology and biotechnology.

Dewey:
579.3 23
Onderwerp:
Bacteriology.
Microbiology.
Metabolism.
Plant biochemistry.
Bacteriology. https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/L23012
Applied Microbiology. https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/C12010
Metabolomics. https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/L15030
Plant Biochemistry. https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/L14021
E-Locatie:
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23261-0
Beschikbaar als:
Printed edition: 9783030232603
Printed edition: 9783030232627
Printed edition: 9783030232634
Object id:
10.1007/978-3-030-23261-0
Permalink:
https://lib.ugent.be/catalog/ebk01:4100000009184969
MLA:
Lee, Eun Yeol. Methanotrophs: Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications. 1st ed. 2019. .
APA:
Lee, E. Yeol. Methanotrophs: Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications. 1st ed. 2019. .
Chicago:
Lee, Eun Yeol. ed. Methanotrophs: Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications. 1st ed. 2019.
RIS:
TY - BOOKUR - http://lib.ugent.be/catalog/ebk01:4100000009184969ID - ebk01:4100000009184969ET - 1st ed. 2019.LA - engTI - Methanotrophs Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological ApplicationsPY - 2019SN - 9783030232610AU - Lee, Eun Yeol. editor. (role)edt (role)http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edtAB - Methanotroph Ecology, Environmental Distribution and Functioning -- Enrichment and Isolation of Aerobic and Anaerobic Methanotrophs -- The Biochemistry of Methane Monooxygenases -- Multi-omics Understanding of Methanotrophs -- Diversity, Physiology, and Biotechnological Potential of Halo(alkali)philic Methane-Consuming Bacteria -- Metabolic Engineering of Methanotrophs for the Production of Chemicals and Fuels -- Methanobactin: A Novel Copper-Binding Compound Produced by Methanotrophs -- Environmental Applications of Methanotrophs.AB - This book offers a comprehensive overview of the microbiological fundamentals and biotechnological applications of methanotrophs: aerobic proteobacteria that can utilize methane as their sole carbon and energy source. It highlights methanotrophs’ pivotal role in the global carbon cycle, in which they remove methane generated geothermally and by methanogens. Readers will learn how methanotrophs have been employed as biocatalysts for mitigating methane gas and remediating halogenated hydrocarbons in soil and underground water. Recently, methane has also attracted considerable attention as a potential next-generation carbon feedstock for industrial biotechnology, because of its abundance and low price. Methanotrophs can be used as biocatalysts for the production of fuels, chemicals and biomaterials including methanobactin from methane under environmentally benign production conditions. Sharing these and other cutting-edge insights, the book offers a fascinating read for all scientists and students of microbiology and biotechnology.ER - 
Download RIS bestand
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245 1 a Methanotrophs h [electronic resource] : b Microbiology Fundamentals and Biotechnological Applications / c edited by Eun Yeol Lee.
250 a 1st ed. 2019.
264 1 a Cham : b Springer International Publishing : b Imprint: Springer, c 2019.
300 a X, 278 p. 53 illus., 40 illus. in color. b online resource.
336 a text b txt 2 rdacontent
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490 1 a Microbiology Monographs, x 1862-5576 ; v 32
505 a Methanotroph Ecology, Environmental Distribution and Functioning -- Enrichment and Isolation of Aerobic and Anaerobic Methanotrophs -- The Biochemistry of Methane Monooxygenases -- Multi-omics Understanding of Methanotrophs -- Diversity, Physiology, and Biotechnological Potential of Halo(alkali)philic Methane-Consuming Bacteria -- Metabolic Engineering of Methanotrophs for the Production of Chemicals and Fuels -- Methanobactin: A Novel Copper-Binding Compound Produced by Methanotrophs -- Environmental Applications of Methanotrophs.
520 a This book offers a comprehensive overview of the microbiological fundamentals and biotechnological applications of methanotrophs: aerobic proteobacteria that can utilize methane as their sole carbon and energy source. It highlights methanotrophs’ pivotal role in the global carbon cycle, in which they remove methane generated geothermally and by methanogens. Readers will learn how methanotrophs have been employed as biocatalysts for mitigating methane gas and remediating halogenated hydrocarbons in soil and underground water. Recently, methane has also attracted considerable attention as a potential next-generation carbon feedstock for industrial biotechnology, because of its abundance and low price. Methanotrophs can be used as biocatalysts for the production of fuels, chemicals and biomaterials including methanobactin from methane under environmentally benign production conditions. Sharing these and other cutting-edge insights, the book offers a fascinating read for all scientists and students of microbiology and biotechnology.
650 a Bacteriology.
650 a Microbiology.
650 a Metabolism.
650 a Plant biochemistry.
650 1 4 a Bacteriology. 0 https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/L23012
650 2 4 a Applied Microbiology. 0 https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/C12010
650 2 4 a Metabolomics. 0 https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/L15030
650 2 4 a Plant Biochemistry. 0 https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/product-market-codes/L14021
700 1 a Lee, Eun Yeol. e editor. 4 edt 4 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt
710 2 a SpringerLink (Online service)
773 t Springer Nature eBook
776 8 i Printed edition: z 9783030232603
776 8 i Printed edition: z 9783030232627
776 8 i Printed edition: z 9783030232634
830 a Microbiology Monographs, x 1862-5576 ; v 32
856 4 u https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23261-0
912 a ZDB-2-SBL
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950 a Biomedical and Life Sciences (SpringerNature-11642)
950 a Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0) (SpringerNature-43708)

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FAQs

What are the applications of methanotrophs? ›

For long, methanotrophs have been widely studied for their application in environmental biotechnology , due mainly to the exclusive ownership of the unique enzymes that mediate oxidation of methane to methanol , namely the particulate methane monooxygenases (pMMO) and soluble methane monooxygenases (sMMO) .

What is methanotrophs in microbiology? ›

Definition noun, plural: methanotrophs An organism that metabolize methane as a source of carbon and energy Supplement Methanotrophs are organisms that require methane as a source of carbon and energy for their metabolism.

What role do methanotrophs play in the environment? ›

Methanotrophs play an important role in the oxidation of methane in the natural environment. They oxidize methane produced geothermally and by the anaerobic metabolism of methanogenic bacteria, thereby reducing the release of methane to the atmosphere from landfill sites, wetlands, and rice paddies.

What is the difference between methanogens and methanotrophs? ›

Methanogens are methane-producing bacteria, primarily archaea, that convert carbon dioxide to methane. Methanotrophs refer to any group of aerobic bacteria or prokaryotes that may use methane as a carbon and energy source.

What are the applications of methanogens in biotechnology? ›

The main technical application of methanogens is the production of biogas by digestion of organic substrates.

What do methanotrophic bacteria produce? ›

For example, methanotrophic bacteria produce methane monooxygenase (MMO), an enzyme that normally functions to oxidize methane for energy (Fig. 1).

What is one especially unique characteristic of methanotrophs? ›

The use of enzymes known as methane monooxygenases to catalyze the oxidation of methane to methanol is a defining characteristic of methanotrophs.

What are the sources of methanotrophs? ›

Methanotrophs are gram-negative members of Proteobacteria that are ubiquitous in nature commonly found in soil, natural gas fields, wetlands, sewage sludges, and waste treatment facilities [9,16,17,18].

Where do you find methanotrophs? ›

Methanotrophs can be found all over the world, wherever there is methane for them to eat. They can live in low oxygen environments and high oxygen environments, and in extremely hot or extremely cold regions too. Because methane is a significant greenhouse gas, methanotrophs are of great interest to climate scientists.

What type of cell is methanotrophs? ›

Introduction. Methane oxidizing bacteria, or methanotrophs, are a widely distributed group of aerobic microorganisms that use methane as their sole source of carbon and energy. They synthesize all of their cellular carbon-containing molecules from methane, and can also co-oxidize a wide range of hydrocarbons.

How do methanotrophs grow? ›

The aerobic methane oxidizing bacteria or methanotrophs are a group of bacteria that grow on methane as a sole source of carbon and energy. They are a subset of the methylotrophic bacteria which can grow on a number of different one carbon compounds (Lidstrom, 2006).

What do methanotrophs eat? ›

The methane released into the atmosphere is greatly contributing to climate change and there is only one group of organisms that can consume it, the methanotrophs. This group of microorganisms is capable of using up methane as their source of carbon and energy. These microorganisms basically eat methane (Figure 2)!

What is the process of methanotrophy? ›

Under aerobic conditions, methanotrophs combine oxygen and methane to form formaldehyde, which is then incorporated into organic compounds via the serine pathway or the ribulose monophosphate (RuMP) pathway, and carbon dioxide, which is released.

What are 3 examples of methanogens? ›

Methanogens are archaea bacteria that produce methane as a metabolic by-product. Examples of methane-producing genera are Methanobacterium, Methanosarcina, Methanococcus, and Methanospirillum.

Why are methanogens important? ›

Methanogens have been used for decades to reduce the biological oxygen demand of wastewater (agricultural or municipal) while simultaneously producing renewable methane (as biogas) that can be captured from anaerobic digesters and used as fuel.

What are 5 examples of methanogens? ›

Some of the methanogens are as follows: Methanobrevibacter gottschalkii, Methanobrevibacter smithii, Methanococcus jannaschii, Methanococcus maripaludis, Methanogenium frigidum, Methanopyrus kandleri, Methanosaeta concilii, Methanosarcina acetivorans, Methanosarcina barkeri, and Methanosphaera stadtmanae.

What is the product of Methanotrophy? ›

All aerobic methanotrophs oxidize CH4 to CO2 through a common enzymatic cascade. The oxidation process produces methanol, formaldehyde and formate as reaction intermediates (Figure 1). This is accomplished through sequential catalysis by the enzymes, MMO, MDH, FADH, and FDH.

How do methanogens produce nutrients? ›

In nature, methanogens acquire electrons from hydrogen and other molecules that form during the breakdown of organic material or bacterial fermentation. "These small molecules are food for the microbes," Deutzmann said. "They provide methanogens with electrons to metabolize carbon dioxide and produce methane."

What microorganisms produce methane? ›

Methanogenic archaea are the only known microorganisms that produce methane, and these microbes can inhabit extreme conditions in the environment. Methanogens in agricultural activities, including livestock, rice farming and manure, contribute a significant amount of methane.

What do methanotrophs turn methane into? ›

Aerobic Methanotrophs

These enzymes oxidize methane to methanol, and subsequently, methanol dehydrogenases (MDHs) further oxidize methanol to formaldehyde (Keltjens et al., 2014).

What are the bioenergetics of methanotrophs? ›

Methanotrophs, a specific type of methylotroph, are able to metabolize methane as their only source of carbon and energy. Methylotrophs aerobically utilize C1 compounds by oxidizing them to yield formaldehyde, which in turn can either be used for energy or assimilated into biomass.

What is the carbon source of methanotrophs? ›

Methanotrophs are Gram-negative proteobacteria, noted for their ability to utilize methane as the sole source of carbon and energy. Methanotrophic bacterium was discovered by Söhngen in 1906 (Hanson and Hanson, 1996).

How do methanotrophs make fuel that people can use? ›

By oxidizing methane and converting it to methanol, methanotrophic bacteria (or "methanotrophs") can pack a one-two punch. Not only are they removing a harmful greenhouse gas from the environment, they are also generating a readily usable, sustainable fuel for automobiles, electricity and more.

What are the characteristics of methanogens bacteria? ›

The methanogenic bacteria are a large and diverse group that is united by three features: (1) they are members of the domain Archaea, or archaebacteria (see Chap. 1), (2) they are strict anaerobes, and (3) they form large quantities of methane as the major product of their energy metabolism.

Can methanotrophs add value? ›

Variety of valuable products can be produced from methane by methanotrophs in gas fermentation processes. By using methane as a sole carbon source, methanotrophic bacteria can produce bioplastics, biofuels, feed additives, ectoine and variety of other high-value chemical compounds.

When did methanotrophs evolve? ›

Our time estimate of between 4.11 Ga (3.31–4.49 Ga) and 3.78 Ga (3.05–4.16 Ga) for the origin of methanogenesis suggests that methanogens were present on Earth during the Archean, consistent with the methane greenhouse theory [64].

How do you isolate methanotrophs? ›

Traditional isolation techniques for methanotrophs. Bacterial isolation steps commonly include specimen sample collection from chosen environment, its microscopic examination and diluting/enriching samples before streaking or pour-plating upon agar plates for spatial segregation [30,31].

What is the equation for methanotrophs? ›

The overall reaction is: CH4 + SO42 → HCO3 + HS + H2O. Sulfate-driven AOM is mediated by a syntrophic consortium of methanotrophic archaea and sulfate-reducing bacteria. They often form small aggregates or sometimes voluminous mats.

How do methanotrophs get energy? ›

Methanotrophs are organisms which are able to obtain energy by oxidizing methane (CH4). Methane, found widely in nature, is produced in strict anaerobic conditions by methanogenic Archaea (see Methanogens). It is the main gas in anoxic muds, marshes, lakes, rice paddies, and lanfield.

What bacteria absorbs methane? ›

Methanotrophic bacteria consume 30 million metric tons of methane per year and have captivated researchers for their natural ability to convert the potent greenhouse gas into usable fuel.

In which animal methanogens are found? ›

Methanogens have been isolated from faeces of rat, horse, pig, monkey, baboon, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, giant panda, goose, turkey and chicken. The predominant methanogen in all except the chicken and turkey is species of Methanobrevibacterium. The chicken and turkey harbour species of Methanogenium.

What causes methane in stomach? ›

Methane is an end product of microbial fermentation in the human gastrointestinal tract. This gas is solely produced by an archaeal subpopulation of the human microbiome. Increased methane production has been associated with abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, IBD, CRC or other conditions.

What is the application of methanobacterium? ›

Applications. Methanobacteria can be used in biomass conversion as well as energy production through Anaerobic digestion (AD) process. Microbial community is used in Anaerobic digestion(AD) to convert organic wastes into clean energy by reducing chemical and biological oxygen demand in the wastes.

What is the product of methanotrophs? ›

All aerobic methanotrophs oxidize CH4 to CO2 through a common enzymatic cascade. The oxidation process produces methanol, formaldehyde and formate as reaction intermediates (Figure 1).

What is the role of methanotrophs in mitigating global warming? ›

Anthropogenic sources release methane directly or indirectly into the atmosphere account for up to one-third of the global warming currently taking place. Methanotrophic bacteria or methanotrophs may serve as a biofilter and use methane as a source of energy before it is released into the atmosphere.

How do methanotrophs use methane? ›

Methanotrophs use methane as their sole carbon source and directly convert methane into cellular compounds or transform it into a substrate that drives processes via methanotrophs or their syntrophic interaction of other microbes.

What is an example of a Methanobacterium? ›

Methanogens are archaea bacteria that produce methane as a metabolic by-product. Examples of methane-producing genera are Methanobacterium, Methanosarcina, Methanococcus, and Methanospirillum. Methanogenic bacteria are widespread in nature and are found in mud, sewage, and sludge and in the rumen of animals.

What is the significance of methanogenic bacteria? ›

For example, methanogenic bacteria (archaea) can break down sludge to produce methane gas, which can then be used as fuel to power the treatment facility.

What are the characteristics of the Methanobacterium? ›

Methanobacterium are nonmotile and live without oxygen. Some members of this genus can use formate to reduce methane; others live exclusively through the reduction of carbon dioxide with hydrogen. They are ubiquitous in some hot, low-oxygen environments, such as anaerobic digestors, their wastewater, and hot springs.

What energy sources do methanotrophs use? ›

Methanotrophs use methane as their sole carbon source and directly convert methane into cellular compounds or transform it into a substrate that drives processes via methanotrophs or their syntrophic interaction of other microbes.

How do methanotrophs break down methane? ›

Methanotrophs oxidize methane by first initiating reduction of an oxygen atom to H2O2 and transformation of methane to CH3OH using methane monooxygenases (MMOs). Furthermore, two types of MMO have been isolated from methanotrophs: soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO).

Do methanotrophs need oxygen? ›

All methanotrophs possess a specific enzyme, methane monooxygenase, which can insert an oxygen atom into the methane molecule generating methanol. The oxygen requirement for the oxygenation of methane explains their obligate aerobic character.

Why is methane important in causing climate change? ›

Methane is the primary contributor to the formation of ground-level ozone, a hazardous air pollutant and greenhouse gas, exposure to which causes 1 million premature deaths every year. Methane is also a powerful greenhouse gas. Over a 20-year period, it is 80 times more potent at warming than carbon dioxide.

What is the process of methanotrophs? ›

Methanotrophs oxidize methane to methanol via the enzyme methane monooxygenase (MMO) and subsequently use the same enzymes found in other aerobic Gram negative methylotrophic bacteria for further oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde, formate and carbon dioxide and for assimilation of carbon, at the oxidation level of ...

What are the pathways of methanotrophs? ›

Methanotrophs use three pathways for methane carbon assimilation: the serine cycle, the ribulose monophosphate (RuMP), and the ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP) cyclic pathways.

Videos

1. VTLSS: Mechanistic and Biosynthetic Studies of Methanogenesis and Bioluminescence
(Fralin Life Sciences Institute at Virginia Tech)
2. Humans, Microbes and Global Change by Gary King, PhD
(American Society for Microbiology)
3. Life As It Could Be: Astrobiology, Synthetic Biology, and the Future of Life.
(Library of Congress)
4. Geobiology | Wikipedia audio article
(wikipedia tts)

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